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Texas vs. Oklahoma: The Red River Rivalry

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Red River Rivalry

Texas and Oklahoma fans gather under a "Red River Rivalry" banner at the 2006 edition of the game.

(Ronald Martinez/Getty Images)
Texas has intrastate rival Texas A&M.

Oklahoma has intrastate rival Oklahoma State.

But to Texas fans, their only true rivals are the Oklahoma Sooners. And for Sooners fans, the game that matters most is their annual tussle with the hated Longhorns.

First played in 1900, the showdown between the Longhorns and Sooners—known far and wide as the Red River Rivalry—has become one of college football's best and most bitter rivalries.

Texas currently leads the all-time series with a mark of 57-4-5. But under coach Bob Stoops, the Sooners have dominated, winning six of the last eight.

A Shootout in Dallas

Though the Texas-Oklahoma series officially began in 1900, the game truly arrived in 1929—the year it was first played at the neural-site city of Dallas. The city is located about halfway between Norman, Oklahoma (home of the Sooners) and Austin, Texas (home of the Longhorns).

The storied old Cotton Bowl has played host to the game since 1937. On gameday—which is always scheduled in early October, during the Texas State Fair—the stadium is split in half, with Texas fans on one side of the 50-yard-line and Sooners fans on the other. The scene is similar to the one that plays out each year in Jacksonville, Florida, where Florida battles Georgia in another classic neutral-site rivalry.

The good news is that the Red River Rivalry figures to remain in Dallas for years to come. In 2007, Oklahoma, Texas and the City of Dallas came to an agreement that would keep the game in the city at least through through 2015. The schools had complained about the sorry state of the Cotton Bowl, and had publicly contemplated making the rivalry into a traditional home-and-home affair. The agreement increases the payout to each school for each game to $850,000 and also commits Dallas to a massive renovation of the Cotton Bowl.

All In A Name

The Red River Rivalry gets its name from—what else?—the Red River, which separates the states of Texas and Oklahoma.

For decades, the game was called The Red River Shootout, but starting in 2005, the name was officially changed to the SBC Red River Rivalry. The next year, it was changed once more, to the AT&T Red River Rivalry.

No matter what it’s called, however, this much is certain: The game is always a knock-down, drag-out affair between two schools that truly don't like each other. The series has been made especially bitter because of the fact that, dating all the way back to Oklahoma's Bud Wilkinson glory days in the 1950s, much of the Sooners’ top talent has been recruited out of Texas.

As former Oklahoma coach Barry Switzer once told USA Today: "No game carries with it the atmosphere, the excitement, the energy level that the Oklahoma-Texas game does. When you hit the floor of the Cotton Bowl, there's electricity. And if you don't feel it, you ought to have your saliva checked."

Pass the Hat

The winner of the Red River Rivalry takes home not just one, but three different trophies.

The oldest is the Golden Hat, a bronzed ten-gallon hat, which is given to the athletic department of the winning school. The Red River Rivalry trophy, first created in 2003, is given to the student government of the winning school. And the Governor’s Trophy is exchanged by the governors of each state.

Greatest Moment

The Red River Rivalry has become especially heated in recent years, as both Oklahoma and Texas have placed themselves among the nation’s elite.

The game has for much of the past decade played a major role in determining not only the eventual Big 12 Conference Champion, but the national champion as well. Oklahoma won the national championship in 2000 while Texas brought it home in 2005.

The Sooners have dominated the series of late, posting a few blowouts over Texas in the process (they won 63-14 in 2000 and 65-13 in 2003), but the tight 2001 game—won by the Sooners, 14-3—was the best of the past decade.

A classic defensive struggle saw both defenses hold the opposing offenses to less than 100 yards rushing. Oklahoma missed two field goals while Texas had one blocked. Holding a 7-3 lead late, the Sooners caught a big break when Texas was forced to start a drive from its own 3-yard-line.

On first down, All-American Sooners safety Roy Williams blitzed Texas quarterback Chris Simms, leaped over the Texas offensive line, deflected Simms’ pass, and knocked it right into the hands of Teddy Lehman, who walked into the end zone. Lehman’s touchdown put the Sooners up 14-3, and put the game out of reach. Williams’ blitz, called simply The Play by some Sooners fans, is one of the most memorable moments in Oklahoma's long and storied football history.

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